SUMMARY IN ENGLISH
CONTRA # 6 2008
aid used for wars in Africa
by Tommy Hansson
In Sweden the goal of giving one per cent of Gross National Income in
development aid has become somewhat of a holy cow. How the aid is used
is less important than the size of it. But how is it used? The TV reporter
Bengt Nilsson shows in a new book that aid to Africa often is used by
the receiving countries to finance wars and conflicts.
Islamist terror in Indonesia
by C G Holm
Indonesia is the most populous country with a moslem majority. Islam
is however fairly recent in Indonesia, with the exception of the Aceh
province in the northwest, which became moslem in the 930s. For the rest
of Inodnesia it was not until the end of the 16th century that islam was
introduced - at the expense of hindu and buddhist kingdoms, that were
crushed by the moslems.
The national government has since the establishment of the indpeendent
state (in 1949) been secular and in principle neutral between six approved
religions. But on a lower political level politicians in charge often
attack those with differing views. The terrorist attack on Bali in 2002
was not only aimed at Western tourists but also at the hindu locals on
Bali, who were seen leading an immoral and non-moslem lifestyle. In the
subarchipelago South Moluccas Christinas have been attacked repeatedly
by moslem invaders, especially from the very overcrowdsed island of Java.
Javans move to less populated islands and grab land at the expense of
the locals. And if the victims are Christians (or hindus) imams approve
of occupation and arson against the former inhabitants. People are chased
away from villages where they have lived for generations, or they are
The regulations introduced by Jimmy Carter were the origin of the financial
by C G Holm
The financial crisis, first visible in the failure of the subprime loans
in the United States, has developed into one of the most severe financial
problems during the last seventy years. Not unexpected statists cry for
more regulations. But if you analyze the problems you will find that the
problems basically were created by regulations, the wrong regulations.
The cornerstone of the present crisis was laid by President Jimmy Carter
and as always the road to hell has been full of good intentions. During
the 1970s and the 1980s the inner parts of American cities were turned
into slums as affluent people moved into the suburbs (in Europe the development
was the opposite, the wealthy stayed in the cities and poor people had
to move to cheaper dwellings in distant suburbs). Carter started regulating
(the first was the Community Reinvestment Act) in order to force financial
institutions to lend to people that had limited credit worthiness. And
when one regulation failed there was another added on top, all the way
until todays collapse of "the house of cards" created by regulations.
Israel is prepared to take measures against Iran
New Israeli ambassador to Stockholm is Benyamin ”Benny” Dagan,
a career diplomat who previously have been located in Cairo, Chicago and
Washington, D.C. Contra was present when Ambassador Dagan presented his
views in October.
FBI, Hoover and the struggle against Communism
by Bertil Häggman
The centenary of the FBI has hardly been noticed on this side of the
Atlantic. President Theodore Roosevelt and his Secretary of State Charles
Bonaparte in 1908 created a force of specialist police. On March 16 1909
it was named Bureau of Investigation. The FBI played an important role
in the Cold War and the fight against Communism.
Ludwig von Mises is able to explain the present financial crisis
by Fredrik Runebert
Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973) was one of the "Austrians", also
represented by Friedrich A. Hayek, Carl Menger and Eugene von Böhm-Bawerk.
Mises was a classic liberal advocating free market economics and stressed
distribution of labour as one of the major means of improving wealth in
society. His most important contribution to economic theory is the business
cycle theory, which in a more refined form gave his follower Friedrich
A. Hayek the Nobel Prize in economics in 1974, one year after the death
of Mises. During his active years he produced many books, of which Human
action: A treatise on economics from 1949 was the most important. He was
however in economic science regarded as somewhat odd, and not accepted
in the mainstream of economists. But today there is no doubt that his
influence has been significant.
The Princess who hated Communism
by Tommy Hansson
This year it was exactly 100 years since the birth of the Princess of
Sweden (and mother of the present King) Sibylla at the Friedenstein Palace
at Gotha, as daughter of Duke Karl Edvard of Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha and
the Princess Viktoria Adelheid of Schleswig-Holstein. The father was cousin
of the brother-in-law of King Gustavus VI Adolphus, Arthur, Duke of Connaught.
On October 20 1932 Princess Sibylla in Coburg married the heir of the
Swedish throne, Prince Gustavus Adolphus, son of the Crown Prince Gustavus
Adolphus (later king Gustavus VI Adolphus). After a honeymoon spent in
Italy and Egypt the couple moved to Haga Palace in Stockholm.
Sweden as a country of second class
by Stig Daun
Two important events has contributed to the fact that Sweden has dropped
out of the "major league" of Western nations:
1. The introduction of the comprehensive school in the 1960s, when exams
were abolished as well as grades during the first seven years of school.
2. The Employment Security Act passed in 1974, which made it hard for
young people to get an employment after school, as the already employed
were given a lot of privileges.